Baking Recipe Ingredient Volume Conversions

Part of my Baking Fundamentals series: These handy conversion charts can assist you in baking with ease, regardless of the units of measurement you use. Included are the most common dry and liquid volume conversions, as well as advice for measuring various types of materials.

One of the most often asked issues is how to convert recipe components to other units of measurement. Since I reside in the United States of America, as do the majority of my readers, I choose to write my recipes in US customary units:

  • teaspoons
  • tablespoons
  • ounces
  • cups
  • pints
  • quart
  • pounds
  • gallons

That final two, however, do not appear very often on this site! What would happen if they did? I’d be over here asking you to go get 6 gallons of milk and 14 pounds of butter for icing, ouch. This isn’t your typical food blog.

Well, I realize this must be vexing for non-American readers, since practically every other nation in the world utilizes the metric system (and I wish I could tell you why the U.S. hasnt gotten on board lets chalk it up to were busy, or something).

I’d want to go back and add the comparable measurements in metric units to each recipe, but it will take some time, so in the meantime, I’d like to supply you with some charts with typical metric conversions to assist my non-US readers.

But first, let’s go through the different unit abbreviations you could encounter to make sure everything is clear:

Common volume unit abbreviations

Unit Abbreviation
teaspoon t, tsp
Tablespoon T, Tbsp
ounce oz
cup C, c
pint pt
quart qt
pound lb
gallon gal
milliliters mL, ml
liter L
killigrams kg
grams gm, g

US to Metric liquid volume conversions

The tablespoon formula is 1 Tablespoon x 14.787 to produce the milliliter measurement, or 1 Cup x 240.

U.S. Units Metric (mL, L)
1 teaspoon 4.93 milliliters (commonly rounded to 5 mL)
1 Tablespoon 14.79 milliliters (commonly rounded to 15 mL)
1 ounce 29.57 milliliters
1 cup 240 milliliters
1 pint 473.176 milliliters (commonly rounded to 473)
1 quart 0.95 liters
1 gallon 3.79 liters

US to Metric dry volume conversions

The formula per cup is 1 Cup x 240 to obtain the milliliter measurement and 1 Cup x 4.167 to get the liter measurement.

U.S. Units Metric Units (mL, L)
1 cup 240 milliliters
1 pint 550.61 milliliters (commonly rounded to 551), 0.6 L
1 quart 1.10 liters
1 gallon 4.40 liters

Common baking conversions

Bear in mind that milliliters are rounded for ease of reading. For a more accurate conversion, multiply 1 tablespoon by 14.787 to obtain the measurement in milliliters:

Measuring butter

2 cup butter may be used alternately. To make things a little simpler, here’s a cheat sheet for butter conversions: When reading recipes that ask for 1 stick and 1 cup of butter, it might be confusing.

Converting from cups to grams and ounces

Here is when things become complicated. Each component has a varied weight, resulting in a different cups > grams > ounces conversion.

Water, milk, and butter are exceptions to the rule since they all weigh the same (1 cup = 8 ounces).

To demonstrate what I mean, here are some fast, high-level conversions for several sorts of ingredients:

1 Cup of Ingredient Weight in Grams Weight in Ounces
Butter 227 grams 8 ounces
Chocolate chips 170 grams 6 ounces
Flour, all purpose 120 grams 4.25 ounces
Flour, whole wheat 113 grams 4 ounces
Honey 252 grams 12 ounces
Maple syrup 312 grams 11 ounces
Milk 227 grams 8 ounces
Oats 99 grams 3.5 ounces
Oil, coconut 226 grams 6 ounces
Oil, vegetable 198 grams 7 ounces
Peanut butter 270 grams 9.5 ounces
Sugar, granulated 198 grams 7 ounces
Sugar, packed brown 213 grams 7.5 ounces
Sugar, powdered 114 grams 4 ounces
Water 227 grams 8 ounces
Yogurt 242 grams 8.5 ounces

Doesn’t it seem completely insane? I mean, I suppose that makes sense when you think about it. Since these things have various densities, they have distinct weights.

But doesn’t it make it harder to execute a rapid translation of cups to grams or ounces?

You may absolutely weigh your ingredients if you want to, since it is probably the most exact method, but unless otherwise specified in my recipes, I prefer to make things as simple as possible and stick to cups.

I want my recipes to be accessible to people with varying levels of baking expertise, and I want you to have some wiggle room to accommodate variations in your environment (oven calibration, elevation, climate, etc.), and I don’t expect everyone to own a kitchen scale, but if a specific recipe calls for it, I will make that clear.

I hope this was helpful! Is there anything more I should have spoken regarding this topic? Please let me know in the comments section below.

More Baking Basics

How to Measure Ingredients Correctly

The Importance of Room Temperature Butter

5 Baking Steps You Should Never Skip

Common Baking Ingredients’ Shelf Life


How do you convert baking ingredients?

4 cup equals 60 mL.
1 ounce equals 2 tablespoons = 30 mL.
1 cup Equals 8 oz. …
1 pint equals 2 cups = 500 mL.
1 quart equals 4 cups = 950 mL.
1 quart equals 2 pints = 950 mL.
Additional information…•Dec 3, 2019
For the equivalents, use this brief cheat sheet:
1 tablespoon equals 3 teaspoons equals 15 milliliters.
1 cup = 4 tablespoons

What are the weight conversions for common baking ingredients?

2 cup equals 1 stick (8 tablespoons) = 4 ounces = 113 grams.
Additional details…•January 5, 2020
2 teaspoon equals 3 grams.
14 ounces of butter equals 120 grams.
1 cup of self-rising flour equals 4 ounces or 113 grams.
1 teaspoon baking powder equals 4 grams.
1 teaspoon baking soda
These are some examples of conversions for commonly used ingredients:
1 cup unbleached all-purpose flour = 4 1

What is the volume of 1 cup baking?


1 cup Equals 250 mL. ¾ cup Equals 175 mL. ½ cup Equals 125 mL. 1⁄3 cup Equals 80 mL.

Is there an app for baking conversions?

Cupify converts between the two. Choose the ingredient and scroll down for an immediate conversion. If you like recipes in cups, this is the recipe for you.

How do you measure the volume of ingredients?

Volumetric Measurement

When you measure by volume, you use measuring cups instead of a scale to weigh your components. Rather than weight, the element is assessed by the quantity of space it takes up.

Is baking ratio by weight or volume?

“By measuring by weight, you will get more precision… Also, weight is simpler to properly measure than volume. Since much of cooking is on managing chemical reactions based on ingredient ratios (for example, flour and water), changes in the ratio will affect your outcomes, particularly in baking.”

What is the correct formula for calculating each ingredients recipe cost?

How to Determine the Food Cost for a Recipe. To cost a recipe, add the total cost per item bought and divide by the quantity specified in the recipe. For example, if you paid $12 for a 3-pound pack of chicken and the recipe called for 1.5 pounds, this fraction of the cost is $6.

How do you measure baking ingredients by weight?

To weigh ingredients, place your mixing bowl on top of your scale and press the “tare” or “zero” button. This will account for the weight of the bowl and reset the number on your scale to zero. Now, spoon your flour into the basin until it reaches 22.5 ounces.

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